How to install Arch Linux

  • by sysadmin
  • 5 Months ago
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The following article is going to show you how to install Arch Linux by using Arch Install Scripts. BEFORE starting we would advise you to read this FAQ. “Arch Linux is an independently developed, i686/x86-64 general-purpose GNU/Linux distribution that strives to provide the latest stable versions of most software by following a rolling-release model. The default installation is a minimal base system, configured by the user to only add what is purposely required.” – Source

How to install Arch Linux

 

Arch Wiki which is made by the community is a very good, if not the best, source and it should be the first one you should be advised from. IRC channel (irc://irc.freenode.net/#archlinux) and forums are also available in case your answer cannot be found else where. Last but not least, it’s good to see

 man

pages for every command you don’t know. This can be done by calling the

 man

command.

 

How to install Arch Linux

 

 

1. Download Arch Linux

Down load then new ArchLinux ISO from here.

An virtual file is provided which can start in one i686 and x86_64 live system to Arch Linux via internet. The virtual files are signed and you should always verify their signature before using them. In Arch this can be done by using:

pacman-key -v .sig

The virtual file can be burned to a CD, to be attached as an ISO file or it can be written to a USB stick but using the “dd”. It is reserved fro new installations only. An already existing Arch Linux can be updated with:

 pacman -Syu 

2. Keyboard Language

For a lot of countries and types of keyboards the appropriate keymaps are already availiable, and a command like

loadkeys uk

can do what you want. More available keymap files can be found to:

 /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/

3. Disk Partition

Check this partitioning article for details. If you want to create a pile of storage devices (stacked block devices) like LVM, LUKS or RAID do it now.

 

4. Partitions Configuration

You can see here for details.

If you’re using (U)EFI it’s likely that you will need another partition to host the UEFI System partition. Read this article.

 

5. Mount of Partitions

Now we have to mount the root parttion to ” /mnt “. You will also have to create catalogs and mount every other partitions you’ll create ( ” /mnt/boot ” , “/mnt/home” , “……”) if you want them to be indentified from ” genfstab”.

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